The Loch Ness Monster, affectionately known as Nessie
by the locals, is said to live in the large Loch Ness Lake in Scotland.
Loch Ness Lake is 22 miles long, about a mile wide, and at it's
deepest point it is 950 feet deep. In a nearly inaccessible, remote
area up until the early 1930's, Loch Ness Lake is part of the Great
Glen which runs like a deep crack clear across Scotland. A small
town, Fort Augustus is located at the southern end of the lake,
and the town of Inverness is located at the northern end of the
At this time, the scientific community declared it a fake, nothing more than an April fool joke. Many years later, another Nessie investigator, Tim Dinsdale made a startling discovery. If one looks closely at the entire picture frame, one can see from a distance the faint "concentric circle" of rings around the head of the creature, and if you look closely, you can see another circle in the background to the creature, indicating that a body is just below the surface. In 1972, this photo was enhanced by a NASA computer, and whiskers were seen hanging down from its mouth. However, in March 1994, it was revealed that the "surgeon's picture" was a practical joke after all by his son, Ian. Using a toy submarine and a fake head, a picture of Nessie was taken, creating the mother of all most successful practical jokes!
The most successful mission to photograph the real Nessie was the 1975 expedition, sponsored by the Academy of Applied Science, in cooperation with the Loch Ness Phenomena Investigation Bureau. One camera with high speed film activated by sonar was placed on a bottom ledge, 80 ft down in the lake. Another camera, taking pictures on a preset interval, hung 40 feet down from the boat, and 40 ft up from the bottom camera, as a back-up system for a 24 hour period; from June 19th to June 20th.
While sonar repeatedly showed large objects near the bottom camera, something had stirred up the silt on the bottom of the Loch, blacking out all the pictures. The camera that was forty feet above this bottom camera, using a took some amazing pictures in the area of the strobe light beam. Pictures of a portion of a pinkish body, an upper torso, neck and head of a living animal, with two stubby appendages are seen. The most startling picture is a clear image of an underwater dragon looking at the camera, in half profile, showing its nostrils, an open mouth and several horn-like projections . After studying several frames of its various body segments, it is suggested that this curious animal has an overall length of 20 feet, with an 18 inch neck, a 9 inch long, 5 inch wide mouth and 6 inch long horns, about 10 inches apart.
Other clear pictures of the animal were taken by Dr. Robert H. Rines, who led a team of investigators from The Academy of Applied Science at the Mass. Institute of Technology, in 1972 and 1975. One of his 1972 pictures shows very clearly an 8 foot long, flipper-like object. A 1975 photograph of his clearly shows a long-necked creature and its front flipper.
Some of the scientific community, as represented by Roy Mackal, a director of the Loch Ness Investigation Bureau and a professor of Biochemistry at the University of Chicago concludes that "a population of moderate-sized, piscivorous aquatic animals is inhabiting Loch Ness." In his 1976 book, "The Monsters of Loch Ness," he thoroughly examines all of the evidence of this unknown species of animal with a critical eye, and still comes to this conclusion. Despite this 1976 book, many in the scientific community are still doubtful about the animals' existence, which has been the traditional view, despite credible evidence.
There are several theories as to what kind of animal / creature, this Nessie may be in reality. One theory claims that pictures of Nessie are identical to a plesiosaur of the Mesozoic era, that was supposed to be extinct for more than 70 million years. Specifically, some scientists think Nessie is an Elasmosaur, a member of the Plesiosaur family.
The original theory of monster hunter, Ted Holiday, who spent time from 1962 - 1965 investigating Loch Ness lake, concluded in his book, The Great Orm of Loch Ness, that the creature was simply a giant version of the common garden slug, an ancestor of the squid and octopus. A type of "Tullimonstrum gregarium, a creature with a shape of a submarine, with a broad tail." Holiday argued that these creatures were in ages past all over England, and were the basis for the dragon legends.
He also came up with another more eccentric theory about the Loch Ness monsters connected to black magic and spells. Intrigued by the horror of people who see Nessie, and similar creatures in Ireland lakes, where an animal couldn't possibly survive, he began to theorize that Nessie-like monsters were merely projections of evil doers who dabble in the black arts. Toward the end of his life in the early 1970's he wrote two books on the subject. "The Goblin Universe" and "The Dragon and the Disc."
Interestingly, later in their investigations, in the late 1980's, both Tim Dinsdale and Erik Beckjord, a "hunter of unexplained mysteries" both came to believe that Nessie was a paranormal phenomena. Erik Beckjord showed a film he took of the creature, that the people who saw it agreed that the creature was a white, shape-shifting thing that wasn't a reptile."
Meanwhile, Nessie continues to this day to appear on the lake, especially when the water is calm, much to the delight of not only lucky tourists, but also the local people, who depend on the tourists coming to investigate for monetary income, which helps the local economy. Nessie is an unknown animal / creature / thing, that stimulates the public's imagination to thinking that there is a element of danger and terror about its character. All the evidence, with the exception of the paranormal theories, suggests, however, that Nessie is "a shy, amiable and quite harmless" creature, that doesn't pose a threat to people.
Something in the lake near Urquhart Castle.
An underwater photo that appears to be a large flipper.